Different Types of Laser Eye Surgery

The Different Types of Laser Eye Surgery: Which One is Right for You?

Laser eye surgery has become a popular choice for individuals seeking to correct their vision and reduce dependency on glasses or contact lenses. With several types of laser eye surgery available, it can be challenging to determine which procedure is best suited for your needs. This article explores the various types of laser eye surgery, their benefits, and factors to consider when choosing the right procedure for you.

LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis):

A lot of research has been done on LASIK, which is the most common type of laser eye surgery, known for its quick recovery time and minimal discomfort. During the procedure, a thin flap is created on the cornea’s surface, which is then folded back to allow the surgeon to reshape the underlying corneal tissue. The flap is then repositioned, and the cornea is left to heal naturally. LASIK is suitable for individuals with mild to moderate myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), or astigmatism.

The North American Lasik & Eye Centre in Dubai, is an example of an organization that performed a high number of procedures: with over 16,000 eye surgeries done by internationally trained eye surgeons. This clinic uses the ZEISS Visumax 800 SMILE laser technology to deliver minimal invasive flapless surgery.

PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy):

PRK is one of the oldest forms of laser eye surgery and is often recommended for patients with thinner corneas or those at higher risk for complications. During PRK, the surgeon removes the outer layer of the cornea (epithelium) and uses a laser to reshape the underlying corneal tissue. The epithelium then regenerates naturally over time. While the recovery period for PRK is typically longer than LASIK, it offers similar visual outcomes.

LASEK (Laser-Assisted Subepithelial Keratomileusis):

LASEK is a variation of PRK that involves preserving the epithelium by lifting it before reshaping the cornea with a laser. After the procedure, the epithelium is repositioned, and a protective contact lens is placed on the eye to aid healing. LASEK may be recommended for patients with thin corneas, dry eyes, or other factors that make them unsuitable candidates for LASIK.

SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction):

SMILE is a relatively new laser eye surgery technique that involves creating a small incision in the cornea and removing a small piece of corneal tissue called a lenticule. This procedure reshapes the cornea and corrects refractive errors without the need for creating a corneal flap. SMILE is primarily used to treat myopia and may be an option for patients who are not ideal candidates for LASIK or PRK.

Choosing the Right Procedure:

Several factors should be considered when choosing the right laser eye surgery, including:

The degree and type of refractive error: Your ophthalmologist will evaluate your vision and determine which procedure is best suited to correct your specific refractive error.

Corneal thickness and shape: The thickness and shape of your cornea can affect your suitability for certain procedures. For example, individuals with thin corneas may be better suited for PRK or LASEK.

Lifestyle and occupation: Certain occupations or hobbies that involve a higher risk of eye injuries may make you a better candidate for PRK or LASEK, as there is no corneal flap involved.

Age and overall eye health: Your age and the health of your eyes can also influence which procedure is best for you. It’s essential to discuss your medical history and any eye conditions with your ophthalmologist.

Why Dubai could be a good location for your laser eye surgery:

Dubai has emerged as a prominent destination for medical tourism, including laser eye surgery. Its reputation for world-class healthcare facilities, skilled medical professionals, and an attractive tourism environment has led many to consider Dubai as the ideal location for laser eye surgery. In this article, we will discuss the reasons why opting for laser eye surgery in Dubai might be a good choice for you.

State-of-the-art Facilities:

Dubai’s healthcare sector boasts an array of internationally accredited hospitals and clinics equipped with the latest technology in eye care. These facilities offer cutting-edge laser eye surgery procedures and are dedicated to maintaining high standards of patient care. Patients can expect access to advanced diagnostic tools, surgical equipment, and comfortable recovery environments, ensuring a safe and effective treatment experience.

Skilled Medical Professionals:

Dubai is home to a diverse pool of highly qualified and experienced ophthalmologists, many of whom have trained internationally and possess extensive expertise in laser eye surgery. These professionals are committed to providing personalized care tailored to each patient’s unique needs, ensuring optimal treatment outcomes. Furthermore, the multilingual staff at many healthcare facilities ensures seamless communication and understanding during consultations and treatment.

Competitive Pricing:

One of the key attractions of undergoing laser eye surgery in Dubai is the competitive pricing. The cost of treatment in Dubai is often significantly lower than in Western countries, without compromising the quality of care. This affordability makes it an attractive option for patients seeking high-quality laser eye surgery at a fraction of the cost.

Ease of Travel and Visa Policies:

Dubai’s strategic location and well-connected international airport make it easily accessible for medical tourists. The city offers visa-on-arrival facilities for citizens of many countries, and special medical visas are available for patients seeking treatment. This ease of travel and hassle-free visa process adds to Dubai’s appeal as a medical tourism hub.

Tourism and Leisure Opportunities:

Undergoing laser eye surgery in Dubai provides patients with the opportunity to combine their treatment with a relaxing vacation. Dubai is renowned for its luxurious lifestyle, iconic landmarks, and leisure activities, offering plenty of options for exploration and enjoyment. Patients can indulge in shopping, dining, and entertainment experiences while recovering from their surgery, making the overall experience more enjoyable.

Dubai’s commitment to providing world-class healthcare facilities, skilled medical professionals, competitive pricing, and ease of travel makes it an ideal destination for laser eye surgery. In addition, the city’s multicultural environment and numerous leisure opportunities offer a unique blend of high-quality medical care and an unforgettable travel experience. Considering laser eye surgery in Dubai might be the right choice for those seeking exceptional care and a memorable trip.


There are several types of laser eye surgery available, each with its benefits and suitability for different individuals. Consulting with an experienced ophthalmologist is crucial to determining the most appropriate procedure for your unique needs.