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The Difference Between Family Medicine Vs. Internal Medicine

Going to the doctor is the ideal time to find out if you’re suffering from any serious illnesses. There are so many types of diseases out there and your body keeps changing and adapting over time, which is why it’s important to visit the doctor and get yourself checked regularly. If you’re suffering from an illness or if you’re just worried about the condition of your body, visit a doctor to find out what options are available for you. The more information that you have, the better it is for you because you’ll know how you can take care of and improve your health. 

There are many types of doctors out there today. Many specialize in certain fields. Unfortunately, you can’t just walk into a random doctor’s office and expect them to take care of your concerns. For some of these doctors, you need a referral to be able to see them. Most people can’t tell the difference or aren’t sure where to start when looking for a doctor for a specific type of health issue. In this article, you’ll learn about the differences between two branches of medicine—family medicine and internal medicine.

What Is Family Medicine? 

Family medicine, originally family practice, is an extensive medical specialty dedicated to comprehensive health care specifically for the families of all ages. The primary professional is known as a family doctor or family physician. In North America, the field is usually referred to as general medicine or family practice and is generally considered a full-fledged professional by many state governments. In other countries, it is commonly called family medicine.

What Are Family Doctors?

Family doctors generally treat patients suffering from a huge variety of conditions. They also ensure that you’re fit and healthy by doing your annual check-up. A family doctor also gives medical advice, directs a clinic, and provides services based upon his or her knowledge of your medical history and your symptoms. Family practice physicians may also work with social workers, therapists, psychologists, and psychiatrists. In most cases, these doctors will work with patients who cannot be treated at an inpatient setting.

What Does A Family Doctor Do?

Family practitioners work with individuals, families, groups, or both. Many family doctors specialize in kids’ health and treatment. They perform diagnostic tests and prescribe treatments for individuals who have health problems. Family doctors also help you with general health care such as checking your blood pressure, cholesterol level, and can even do various forms of testing. Family doctors also help the parents with their children’s health care by helping them get immunization schedules and helping them with birth control prescriptions. Family doctors treat patients with the goal of reducing their risk for illness or injury or improving their quality of life.

Why Should You Visit A Family Doctor?

Family doctors examine patients to determine the cause of the illness, its severity, and the impact on their daily lives. They’ll use standardized patient questionnaires and diagnostic tools to come up with a diagnosis and prescribe treatment. The questionnaires usually include questions about family history of disease, treatment, medications, and current symptoms. This information helps a doctor to evaluate the patient’s condition and determine the best course of treatment. Family practitioners also help patients manage health-related complications and monitor progress over time. A family doctor can help you decide when to see an internal medicine physician.

What Is internal Medicine? 

Internal medicine or broad-spectrum internal medicine is a specialized medical field that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and management of various internal conditions. The primary focus of an internal medicine doctor is on the patient’s internal organs, including the heart and liver. These doctors specialize in treating conditions such as gastroenteritis, pancreatic disease, and other critical conditions. These diseases are often caused by poor diet, exposure to toxins, and immune system abnormalities. They can also be caused by underlying medical problems like cancer or heart disease.

What Are Internal Medicine Doctors?

These doctors focus more on adult medicine, with special training in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of many adult illnesses. Many internal medicine doctors specialize in specific conditions. There’s an internal medicine physician that specializes in treating gastrointestinal conditions, including Crohn’s disease. Doctors specializing in gastrointestinal disorders are usually referred to as gastroenterologists. Most internal medicine doctors won’t see a patient without a referral. This is because these specialists need you to show signs of illness first before they can help diagnose and treat you. 

How Does A Doctor Get Into Internal Medicine?

In order to get a doctorate in this type of medicine, one must have at least two years of clinical experience as well as a master’s degree in the field. The medical school that they choose should be accredited and offer at least 600 hours of clinical training. There are numerous schools around the world that offer this specialization. Doctors can also get an international degree in this field. 

What Does Internal Medicine Include?

Internal medicine is an area of medical care that focuses on the treatment and prevention of illness. It focuses on treating the source of the illness rather than the symptoms. In addition, it addresses how we perceive the disease itself, as well as other aspects of how we can treat it. Thus, it is one of the most important areas of medicine because it not only addresses the causes of disease but also the effects of disease in a human body. Internal medicine is a field that involves various fields like clinical research, diagnostics, pharmacology, etc. Internal medicine usually involves specialized departments like infectious diseases, rheumatology, and endocrinology.

Difference Between Family Medicine And Internal Medicine

Internal and family medicine are both branches of medicine. There are many differences between the two. Experts in the latter focus more on prevention and management of disease than on the actual treatment process itself. Doctors of internal medicine on the other hand, focus more on the specific treatment of disease. Internal doctors also deal with patients who may have multiple diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, etc. Family doctors work primarily on patients suffering from a single disorder.

What Does Each Branch Do?

Family care physicians often see the patient’s families and work directly with their personal physicians as they learn more about their individual health issues and concerns. As a result, a family care physician needs to know all about the patient’s medical history, and what treatment options are currently available to help address their specific medical concerns. 

Internal medicine doctors, on the other hand, focus on the diagnosis and treatment of internal diseases. They may work with the patients’ family doctor to coordinate the treatment plan. As mentioned above, internal medicine doctors can choose to specialize in a subspecialty under this medical area, like immunology, hematology, or pulmonary disease. An internal medicine physician sees and diagnoses patients, monitors their condition (sometimes over a long period of time), and comes up with treatment approaches that can best address the condition they’re dealing with.

How Do Their Training and Residencies Differ?

Both internal medicine and family medicine doctors must complete a residency program after completing medical school. Family doctors usually complete office-based residencies, while internal medicine doctors are required to complete residencies taking care of hospitalized patients. Family doctors are trained in pediatrics, gynecology, and other related areas. On the other hand, internal medicine doctors are trained in critical care, emergency medicine, and other areas related to their subspecialties.

What Do They Focus On?

The primary focus of family medicine tends to be on the family as a whole and not the individual. A doctor who specializes in family medicine will also work with a team to determine what is affecting the individual’s health and how to address them. They may work with a patient’s family and use a variety of methods to determine the best course of action for that patient.

The focus of internal medicine is on the individual. This doctor works with patients to find out what is causing the individual’s health problems. The doctor isn’t usually the patient’s primary care physician.  Internal medicine doctors focus more on the patient’s medical history and the treatment of complex medical issues.


Both of these practices are highly specialized and require different sets of skills. Family doctors typically treat patients in the outpatient or office setting. They may also provide a referral service to those who would like to see an internal medicine doctor. They’re typically seen on a daily basis, and they can be called upon to treat a variety of patients, both within their practice and in the community. On the other hand, internal medicine doctors generally work within the hospital setting or with inpatients. They typically handle more complex health problems than family doctors.

The main focus of these medical practices is on diagnosing and treating certain disorders and diseases in the body, although the doctors may also work to develop prevention measures against disease. These doctors also use imaging devices, computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and blood tests to ensure they’re providing the right care.