Yes. Both males and females undergo menopause. During our mid-life, our bodies experience momentous changes since adolescence. This period is regarded as menopause. In females menopause marks the end of a reproductive age. Their ovaries stop to produce ovum, fertility declines and gradually ceases. This usually occurs between the ages of early 40’s to mid 50’s. Studies show that underweight women who smoke tends to reach menopause at an earlier age. A woman is deemed to have undergone through menopause if the menstrual periods fail to occur consecutively for 12 months. Men also experience menopause although most health experts refer to it as Andropause.
Recent studies have provided new information about menopause and complications linked to deficits of estrogen in women and low testosterone levels in men, especially the majority without knowledge of coping with them.
Deficiency of estrogen in women is marked by symptoms such as hot flushes, night sweats, frequent need for urination and dryness in the vagina. The majority of women suffers from these symptoms but their severities vary considerably with individuals. There is also gradual but progressive loss of bone mass (Osteoporosis) which increases the risks of fracture. Other symptoms include anxiety, depression, irritability, changes in moods among others.
In men, menopause is characterized by low levels of hormones testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone. There is a notable decrease in cells that produce testosterone which are closely related to nerve cells. Unlike in women, male menopause doesn’t depict a complete shut down of the reproductive process. In fact, there are controversies as to whether Andropause should be categorized as a transition phase or a disorder. Common symptoms in men include low bone mass, loss of sexual interest, depression, fatigue, loss of memory, lack of concentration, hot flushes, anxiety, and sweating.
The presence of the symptoms doesn’t automatically indicate the onset of menopause. Don’t be certain that being in your early 40’s means you are in menopause phase. It could happen when you are at 50. A medical condition can induce similar symptoms. Speaking to a professional about the changes you experience is a right step in the right direction. They have the expertise to rule out other sources to your problems.
To overcome the challenges experienced during menopause, doctors recommend regular exercise, reduction in alcohol consumption, restricted use of sugar, salt, and caffeine, daily intake of vitamin E and minerals such as calcium and good sleep. A well balanced diet containing soy products alleviates some of the symptoms. In severe cases where depression occurs, your doctor may prescribe antidepressants. Doctors also advocate that a couple should remain supportive during this period. An intimate relationship can reduce severity of some symptoms.