Surgeon man inputting drug for local anesthesia before surgery in patient leg, hands closeup. Infiltration anesthesia to removal ankle joint hygroma operation in hospital. One day surgery concept.

How to Prepare for Anesthesia

What Is

If you need to have surgery for any reason,
then an anesthesiologist will administer pain-relieving medication with gas,
injections or an intravenous procedure. The primary goal of anesthesia is to prevent pain and
movement, making it easier for a surgeon or a dentist to work. Some types of
anesthesia will sedate you slightly so that you are awake but will remain still
without any pain. However, for major surgeries, you are given medication that
makes you sleep while also preventing any discomfort. It is essential to remain
unconscious during the surgery to avoid any problems, and also, the anesthesia
will paralyze your body to prevent any movements that could lead to
difficulties for the surgeon. With anesthesia, you also won’t experience any
mental trauma while the surgeon operates on your body. You will likely have no
memory of anything that occurs immediately before, during or right after you
are given the anesthesia for the surgery.

How to
Prepare for Anesthesia

If you have a planned surgery, then you will
receive information about how to prepare for the anesthesia. First, you will
need to stop eating anything for several hours before a procedure. Many
surgeons schedule a procedure early in the morning so that they will know that
your stomach is empty. The anesthesiologist will have fewer complications when
your body is not trying to digest any food. It is a good idea to discuss other
health conditions with the anesthesiologist, including if you are taking any medications.
When you have a chronic health problem, such as diabetes mellitus, asthma or
cardiovascular disease, the professional medical staff must monitor you

Does It Feel Like to Receive Anesthesia?

For dental surgery, you will sit in a chair
that leans back while the dentist works on your teeth and gums. The anesthesia
used by a dentist is usually a type of gas that helps you to relax, but the
dentist will also inject a numbing substance into your gum tissue. When you are
in a medical facility, such as a hospital, you will recline on a surgical
table, and the health care workers will prepare you for the procedure. The
anesthesiologist will place a mask over your face so that you can breathe the
special gas that is in a tank. During the surgery, you will likely also have an
intravenous drip that provides fluids to prevent dehydration. Many patients
have a tube inserted into their throat to prevent choking or aspirating any
fluids from the stomach. You are monitored carefully by the anesthesiologist to
determine if you are having any respiratory issues or to see if you are waking
up during a procedure. There are four stages of anesthesia, including:

• Numbness

• Losing consciousness

• Surgical anesthesia

• Reduction in your breathing rate

Will You Feel After the Surgery Is Over?

After surgery, the surgeon and
anesthesiologist will watch you closely for any complications from the
anesthesia. Each patient has a different experience after waking up from the
anesthesia, including:

• Depression

• Nausea

• Chills

• Confusion

• Vomiting

• Fatigue

• Dry mouth

• Aching muscles

• Sore throat

The anesthesia may wear off naturally, or the
anesthesiologist may give you additional medications to make you more alert.
Some patients overcome the effects of anesthesia rapidly while others have
adverse side effects for several days. It can take as long as a week to
eliminate the anesthesia from your body. As the anesthesia wears off, you will
begin to feel pain from your incisions and the other treatments that were used
during the surgery. Physicians, nurses and the anesthesiologist can administer
medications to alleviate your discomfort. Thousands of patients receive
anesthesia in medical facilities for minor to major operations, and the use of
substances to help you sleep is vital for a procedure. The risks from having anesthesia administered to you are very low,
so you don’t need to worry about this medical treatment.