Heart and Lung Surgeons in Melbourne

Cardiothoracic surgeons operate the lung and heart after
diagnosing diseases that affect these organs. As the name suggests, heart and
lung specialists perform both lung and open-heart surgeries.

In this guide, we’ll look at some heart and lung surgery
procedures, diagnosis, what to expect, and treatment.

Adult Congenital Heart Defects

Congenital heart defects refer to cardiac conditions that are present during birth and are caused by an abnormal heart structure. These defects develop when the fetus is growing in the womb. Common symptoms of the defects include exercise intolerance and shortness of breath.

is an overview of adult congenital heart defects:

Aorta Coarctation

This condition occurs when the aorta narrows at one location,
leading to restriction of blood flowing via the aorta. Symptoms of the
condition include chest pains, nose bleeding, and headache.

Congenital Valve Defect

This defect happens when the valves haven’t formed properly before
birth. The condition may occur due to the leaflets not attaching correctly to
the annulus or improper size. Congenital valve defects usually affect the
pulmonic or aortic valve.

Pulmonary Artery Stenosis

This defect arises when the pulmonary arteries transporting impure
blood into your lungs narrow, making it difficult for blood to flow into the

Diagnosing Congenital Heart Defects

Heart surgeons diagnose congenital heart defects by listening to
heart murmurs. The surgeons use a stethoscope and carry out the following

  • Electrocardiogram – This test is done to detect heart abnormalities, like
    enlargement of the heart chamber.
  • Positron Emission Tomography – In this test, radioactive
    materials are injected into the veins to assess how blood flows to different
  • Echocardiogram – This test evaluates how the heart is functioning.

Treatment of Congenital Heart Defects

The severity and type of heart disease will determine the
treatment to be administered. Mild heart defects do not require medication,
while serious conditions may require invasive procedures, such as surgery.

Heart tumors are abnormal lumps that are adjacent to or present
inside the heart. There are three types of heart tumors:

  • Tumor – An abnormal growth which can be non-cancerous or cancerous
  • Vegetation – A microbial infection
  • Thrombus – A blood clot

Heart tumors are diagnosed using CT scans, MRI scans, and echocardiography.

Heart tumors can damage the valves or cause blood flow
obstruction. Surgical removal can be performed using minimally invasive or
open-heart techniques.

Human heart attack, computer artwork.

Minimally Invasive Surgery

Minimally invasive surgery involves the use of robotics. The
procedure involves making three to four small incisions on the chest. Surgical
instruments are joined to a tube that has a small camera and robotic arms and
then inserted through the small incisions. The camera and robotic arms will
then be controlled by a surgeon from a computer inside the theatre.

Minimally invasive surgery leads to a quick recovery and has less scarring and bleeding.

VATS (Video Assisted-Thoracoscopic Surgery)

In lobectomy surgery, a part of the lung is removed. Patients
prefer this procedure because it results in quick recovery. However, lobectomy
is only recommended for patients that are likely to develop complications from
a thoracotomy.

If you’ve undergone chest surgery, VATS lobectomy may not be
performed on you. This is because the scar tissues may make it difficult to
reach your chest area. Moreover, the technique may not be recommended if you
have a large tumor or it is located in the middle of the chest cavity.


To carry out a VATS surgery, the surgeons will conduct tests to determine whether lobectomy should be performed on you. The tests include PET/CT scans, breathing tests, blood tests, and electrocardiograms.

For a lobectomy, small incisions are made in the chest. Two other
small incisions are also made for inserting the surgical instruments and

What Patients Can Expect?

After the surgery, you’ll experience some pain but it won’t take
long before you recover. The surgeon will instruct you on how to care for the
wound, what to eat, and the tasks you can handle. Follow-ups will be scheduled
to check the wound and your recovery.

You might experience difficulty in breathing and pain after the
procedure. However, as the wound heals, the pain will go away. The functioning
of your lung may also decrease but you’ll still be able to live a normal life.
You should, however, stop smoking to prevent your lung from deteriorating

 If you’re looking for a heart surgeon in Melbourne, contact Heart Surgeon Melbourne.
Our heart surgeons offer various procedures such as heart transplant and aortic
surgery. When you come to our facility, an experienced heart surgeon will
diagnose your condition and recommend the best treatment for you. Our hospital
also provides various treatment options for patients that require complex