Drugs with well-defined and controlled levels of cannabinoids are prescribed mainly to seriously ill people with chronic pain (instead of other drugs with more harmful side effects), as well as to people suffering from some types of mental illness.
Therefore, the healthcare system is serious about the development of this issue, therefore, MMJ doctors become serious specialists who help many people fight serious diseases.
In medical preparations, as a rule, cannabinoids with an analgesic effect predominate with a small content of components with the effect of drug intoxication. Such drugs are used in two of the least safe ways for health — by inhalation of vapors (vaping) and the use of oils in strictly defined and individually calculated doses.
In the human body, various substances after the use of marijuana are involved in some vital processes:
- increased appetite;
- help in pain and other annoying feelings.
The main results of medical cannabis on the body:
- change of consciousness;
- sensory receptivity;
- changes in heart rate;
- increased appetite.
Effects are usually observed for several minutes, most commonly between 10 and 30 minutes after use, and last up to three hours. The two main cannabinoids isolated from medical cannabis herb are used in a complex response to various symptoms.
The components are part of various drugs that help in the treatment of nausea, which occurs during chemotherapy sessions in cancer patients.
Medical marijuana reduces nausea, affects appetite, reduces various pains throughout the body, promotes muscle activity, and controls musculoskeletal disorders.
Experiments are being conducted around the world that analyze the effect of marijuana on the treatment of many diseases:
- post-traumatic stress;
- lack of appetite and severe weight loss;
- eating disorders;
- convulsive diseases.
Much attention is also paid to the problem of sclerosis.
Who should prescribe medical marijuana?
Medical cannabis is available for use in a variety of forms, most commonly injected in the form of syrup, tablets and smoking mixtures, but can also be included in some foods.
The choice of the most appropriate form of use is determined by the type of patient’s disease, its severity, available limitations and complications, and the type of complex treatment.
Substances are mainly used in the complex treatment of nausea and anorexia accompanying severe diseases of the body (for example, HIV), as well as after chemotherapy.
Also, the substances are prescribed in the form of tablets and capsules, and the treatment regimen and its duration are strictly controlled by the attending physician.
In this case, the drug is used to treat certain forms of epilepsy in children and some congenital diseases.
The debate on the relevance of the global medical use of cannabinoids is far from over, as is research on the effects of the use of these substances. However, some arguments against medical marijuana are still largely based on prejudice. Perhaps this is the new challenge for drug policy — to strike a balance between discretion and an open view of science.