Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus owing to any abnormal conditions. In some diseases, it becomes mandatory for the removal of the uterus so as to preserve the health of the person. PSTakeCare has many options, and you can know the hysterectomy cost before opting for the procedure.
Predisposing Factors For Hysterectomy
- The most common reason for hysterectomy is uterine fibroids.
- Others include abnormal uterine bleeding.
- Cervical dysplasia (a precancerous condition in the cervix area).
- Endometriosis which is a condition in which the tissue lining the uterus grows outside near the ovaries which leads to intense pain and bleeding during periods.
- Adenomyosis happens when the uterus lining proliferates inside and thickens causing bleeding and pain.
- Uterine cancers, Endometrium cancers or Ovarian cancer can also lead to the surgical removal of the uterus.
Testes Used for Diagnosis before Hysterectomy
The tests used for diagnosing ailments of the uterus include PAP smear and Cervical examination. An endometrial sampling is done if the patient is suffering from abnormal uterine bleeding. A biopsy is done to rule out various cancers of the uterus. A CT Scan may be needed in some cases where you have to perform a hysterectomy.
In olden days the hysterectomy was done by giving an incision through the abdomen area but nowadays it is done either laparoscopically or through the vaginal area so as to speed up the recovery and ease of performing it. Generally, the time frame for the surgery is two hours unless it is the removal of a large uterus. The patient is kept under observation if an abdominal hysterectomy is done as compared to vaginal one. Even the cost of hysterectomy through vaginal is less as compared to the abdominal one.
Types of Hysterectomy
There are three main types of hysterectomy:
- TOTAL- In this type, the whole uterus is removed along with the cervix. The ovaries and the fallopian tubes may or may not be taken out. This is the most common type of hysterectomy.
- PARTIAL- In this type, only the upper part of the uterus is removed. The cervix and other parts are kept in place.
- RADICAL- In this type of hysterectomy, the whole uterus, cervix, the tissues bordering the cervical area and upper part of the vagina are removed. This is indicated in cases of cancerous lesions and ovaries or fallopian tubes is subjected to removal depending upon the condition.
A vaginal hysterectomy is less invasive and recovery occurs in less than two weeks as compared to abdominal hysterectomy. Generally walking and other mild exercises are advised after six weeks of the surgical procedure. Heavyweight lifting is still not allowed as it can cause unnecessary pressure on the lower abdomen area.
Newer Alternatives to Hysterectomy
In recent years, there have been newer choices given to substitute hysterectomy. These procedures are Uterine Artery Embolization or surgical removal of a portion of uterus known as Myomectomy. The other alternatives are endometrial ablation and medications given to control uterine bleeding.
PSTakeCare organization has given an additional advantage of providing online surgical packages stating the cost and the facilities offered to the patients requiring tertiary care. They also cater to international patients with a separate desk for them and furnish all the legal formalities required for the surgical procedures to be followed in India.