How Does the Doctor Determine If I Am Infertile?

For many people, the diagnosis of infertility sounds like a sentence. This problem can drastically change a person’s life, disrupt the psycho-emotional balance, and influence relationships within the family. But is it all really hopeless? 

Surgical Fertility Treatment is an effective method that allows you to achieve pregnancy in a natural way in 25-55% of cases. In modern medicine, there are about two dozen reasons known to cause infertility. But only in four cases, infertility is called absolute – when there is the absence of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, or sperm. Other varieties of this diagnosis fit under relative infertility that can be overcome with proper treatment. 

Clinical Definition of Infertility

In clinical research and medical practice, infertility in women is often defined as their inability to become pregnant. The clinical definition of infertility (which is used to solve the problem of providing the necessary access to diagnostic tools and interventions for reproductive health) is as follows: a disease of the reproductive system, which results in the absence of clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular sexual life without protection from pregnancy.

Causes of Infertility in Women:

  • endometriosis
  • problems with ovulation
  • poor ovum quality
  • obstruction of the fallopian tubes

It is known that it is the female factor that causes infertility in 35-40% of cases. When treating infertility in a clinic, doctors perform a series of examinations to determine the real reason for the problem. 

Symptoms of Infertility in Men:

The most important and obvious symptom is the inability to conceive a child for a long time. If there are no health problems in the infertile couple, the malefactor of infertility is suspected:

  • atrophy of the testicles, which occurred for various reasons – congenital or acquired;
  • disproportionate development of the body as a sign of genetic abnormalities that can affect sexual function;
  • hormonal disorders and their associated effects;
  • past medical history of infectious diseases: mumps, syphilis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia;
  • chronic inflammation of the urogenital system.

Today’s effective methods of diagnostics allow determining infertility in men, even if the manifested symptoms of this pathological condition are not obvious.

Methods of Infertility Treatment

Whatever the cause of infertility might be, there are methods to cope with the problem:

  • nonsurgical therapy

They are used when it is necessary to improve the quality of germ cells in men, to normalize the menstrual cycle in women, to restore the hormonal balance of the body.

  • surgical fertility treatment

It is used to remove neoplasm or adhesions and restore uterine tubes patency in women, while men can be treated for advanced stages of varicocele.

  • psychological counseling

It is required when infertility is caused by psychological factors, such as stress or poor emotional state.

  • assisted reproductive technologies

This includes In Vitro Fertilization, Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, sperm and egg donorship and some other technologically advanced methods. 

Modern surgery offers many ways to treat various causes of infertility. Specialized clinics perform a full range of services for Surgical Fertility Treatment. Surgeons of the highest category, modern operating theaters with advanced equipment, comfortable wards with all conveniences – all this allows helping women and men to restore their reproductive function and give birth to healthy children.