A variety of sports injuries can be treated with a combination of physical therapy and bracing or casting. But for some, surgery will be required to offer your child the best chance of returning to the sports field and make a full recovery. This is especially relevant when bones are misaligned after a compound fracture (when bones pierced the skin) or where connective tissue is torn. These five typical sports injuries may require corrective surgery.
1. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears
Anterior cruciate ligament tears may necessitate surgery for reconstructing the torn ligament. This is generally performed by utilizing tissue from another area on the knee to replace the torn ACL.
2. Dislocation Of Shoulders
In the event of a shoulder dislocation, the round top bone (ball of your shoulder joint) has fallen out of a groove that is located in the shoulder blade (referred to as the socket). In case of the ball falling out of the socket, there are also partial shoulder subluxations. This type of injury is commonly caused as a result of sports injuries.
Symptoms of subluxation or shoulder location:
- Wobbliness in the shoulder
- A tingling or numbing sensation in the arms, hands or fingers
Treatment generally entails putting the shoulder back into place, which usually results in a decline in pain almost instantaneously. Care providers at New York sports medicine may place the shoulder in a sling, prescribe icing down the shoulder a few times during the day as well as rest. Once the shoulder starts to heal, your child will experience less swelling and pain, but they will most probably have to engage in rehabilitation exercising to restore joint mobility and muscle strength.
3. Meniscal Tears
In case of smaller tears on the outer edge of the meniscus, surgery may not be required. But if your child has persisting symptoms of knee instability and pain, surgery will be the best option. Meniscus repairs can be performed arthroscopically by using surgical instruments and a tiny camera inserted through a slight cut in the knee.
Surgeons will typically perform one of these procedures:
- Trimming off the impaired meniscus tissue during a partial meniscectomy.
- Stitching fragments of the meniscus together in a meniscus repair. (The recovery time is lengthier than it is for the meniscectomy).
4. Kneecap Dislocation Or Patellar Unsteadiness
Surgery for correcting a dislocated kneecap is only required if the patella continuously and repeatedly dislocates or remains unsteady despite non-surgical treatment such as bracing and physical therapy. With patellar instability, there are several types of corrective surgeries to be done, depending on the reason for the condition. Surgeons often perform reconstructing of ligaments that are keeping the patella in place.
5. Severe Fractures
Many surgical options are available for repairing severe fractures. The treatment necessary will be determined on factors such as:
- Location of the break
- Your child’s age
- Which bone is broken
- The Fracture patterns
If you have inquiries or reservations about the recommended surgery for repairing a fracture, make sure you speak to your child’s care provider to obtain more information.